The nuclear program of Iran became an issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of their two previous unreported nuclear facilities back in 2002 on the month of August. Their two facilities which is the uranium enrichment plant located at Natanz as well as the heavy water reactor based on Arak have possible nuclear weapon applications.
The negotiations that in fact were made in Iran and the Western countries that started in August 2002, which actually failed in creating long-term solutions. Following the negotiations made by the EU-3 that is Germany, France and also the UK back in October 2003, Iran then agreed to suspend all of its activities on uranium enrichment. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
The said suspensions on its enrichment activity lasted in June 2005 after the made election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Iran later on resumed its uranium enrichment and be able to see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
The US and the EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) refer Iran to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for any possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran actually informed IAEA on the second uranium enrichment facility that’s still under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, France as well as US issued a joint statement which argues about the disclosure of their secret facility, which they say is a growing concern about the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks, IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which will see Iran to ship most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia for its further enrichment with the fuel and then returned again to Iran on the use of medical research as well as cancer treatment. Iran also had proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal ended up to nowhere.